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Editorial Guidelines

The NAVTA Journal is a bi-monthly electronic publication providing information pertinent to the veterinary healthcare team. We welcome articles on a variety of topics pertaining to veterinary technology, team building and personal and professional development. All articles are submitted with the understanding that NAVTA may edit as deemed necessary and appropriate.

We are compensating authors $300 for accepted article submissions (clinical articles, case studies, and continuing education). The editorial board reviews all article submissions and, if your article is approved for inclusion in the journal, you will receive $300 upon its publication. 

The staff reserves the right to edit and print articles in the edition of their choice, based on editorial focus.

Review Process for Articles:

All articles will be reviewed before publication for readability, scientific accuracy and relevance to the journal audience. Throughout the process, the editor will make sure that edits stay true to the writer’s voice and central message. Authors will have opportunity to review all edits.

Please submit all materials to including this Author Release Form (or click HERE for a digital version)

  • Include the author name(s), credentials, emails and phone numbers.
  • Provide an article title.
  • Articles should be typed and double spaced in Microsoft Word and submitted electronically via email to
  • Each individual listed as an author must have participated sufficiently in the creation and revision of the article or study. It is recommended that at least one author dealing with clinical topics must be a veterinary technician or higher level of education.
  • Acknowledgements can be used to identify contributions from individuals who do not qualify for authorship.
  • Cite footnotes* by superscript numbers in the order in which they appear in the text. Footnotes should be listed in numeric order just before the references section, but not listed more than once in the footnotes. For example, if five sources are used multiple times, each source is listed once in the footnotes with the source first cited in the article as number one and listed first, and so on.
  • Authors are asked to cite all quotations and references at the end of the article. Citations should be numbered in the order of their citation with superscript numbers. Follow the AMA Manual of Style format. *[Reference samples included below]
  • Supplementary materials, such as images, tables, charts, etc., may be included. The author must own or have permission to use all images.
  • Registered trademarks, copyrights, and so on, should be identified by the correct symbol.
  • Articles and case studies should be between 1,000 and 3,000 words
  • CE Articles must be 3,000 to 3,500 words and include an objective statement, CE Quiz and speaker Bio/CV

Sentence Structure

  • Please write your articles in full sentence format.
    – Examples:
  • The patient presented with a fever of 105 degrees. The owner reported that Fluffy had a loss of appetite and diarrhea for the past three days. Upon examination, it was noted…
  • Do not use “I” or “we” statements.
  • Wrong examples: I treated the patient with… We noticed she was…
  • Correct examples: The patient was treated with… It was noted the patient became…
  • Describe the facts as if telling a story.
  • Examples:
    • Susie, a 5-year-old Cocker Spaniel, presented with…
    • She was admitted to the hospital for further observation…
    • Susie continued to…
    • She was monitored for…
    • After five days in the hospital, Susie was discharged with…

*Citing References

  • Provide all supporting references you have included at the bottom of the article
    Cite all references within your article as follows:
  • Examples:
    • According to a study from the…this protocol should be followed.1
    • The study recommends therapy weekly.2
    • Statics have not shown an increase in appetite.3

Reference Format

  • Book—single author:
    Shepard TH. Catalog of Teratogenic Agents. 7th ed. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press; 1992.
  • Book—more than one author (list all authors if six or less, otherwise list first three followed by “et al.”):
    Baselt RC, Cravey RH. Disposition of Toxic Drugs and Chemicals in Man. 4th ed.
    Foster City, CA: Chemical Toxicology Institute; 1995.
  • Book—with editors:
    Armitage JO, Antman KH, eds. High-dose Cancer Therapy: Pharmacology,
    Hematopoietins, Stem Cells. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1995.
  • Chapter from a book:
    Degner LF, McWilliams ME. Challenges in conducting cross-national nursing research. In: Fitzpatrick JJ, Stevenson JS, Polis NS, eds. Nursing Research and its
    Utilization: International State of the Science. New York, NY: Springer; 1994:211-215.
  • Article from journal—single author:
    Moldofsky H. Sleep, neuroimmune and neuroendocrine functions in fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. Adv Neuroimmunol. 1995; 5:(1):39-56.
  • Article from journal—more than one author (list all authors if six or less, otherwise list first three followed by “et al.”):
    Raux H, Coulon P, Lafay F, Flamand A. Monoclonal antibodies which recognize the acidic configuration of the rabies glycoprotein at the surface of the virion can be neutralizing. Virology. 1995;210(2):400-408.
  • Monographic series:
    Davidoff RA. Migraine: Manifestations, Pathogenesis, and Management.
    Philadelphia, Pa: FA Davis; 1995. Contemporary Neurology Series, No. 42.
  • Online journals with volume and page information:
    Simon JA, Hudes ES. Relationship of ascorbic acid to blood lead levels. JAMA. 1999;281:2289-2293. http://url. Accessed July 11, 2009.
  • Online journals without volume and page information:
    Mast CT, DeMuro-Mercon C, Kelly CM, Floyd LE, Ealter EB. The impact of rotavirus gastroenteritis on the family. BMC Pediatrics. 2009;9:11. doi:10.1186/1471-2431-9-11.
  • Online website
    King MW. The Medical Biochemistry Page. Updated July 14, 2009. Accessed July 14, 2009.
  • An unusual or extraordinary case in which a veterinary technician was involved.
  • Photos/images should be used to illustrate points (see photo requirements below).
  • Technical information on symptoms, laboratory tests and results, surgery and outcomes should be included with the study.
  • From 3,000 to 3,500 words (not including breakout boxes, footnotes, etc.).
  • May not have been published in any other trade publication.
  • Authors must provide a RACE biographical form (PDF) and CV.
  • Include an objective statement with specific information, concepts and/or skills that participants are expected to obtain when they complete the offering. Example:
    • Objective — Readers should gain an understanding of the pathophysiology of degenerative myelopathy (DM), its diagnosis, and the potential management options available. They will also be able to identify breed predispositions, signalment, and overall prognosis.
  • Include 5 multiple choice questions for the continuing education quiz:
    • Provide four answers per question.
    • No true/false questions or “all of the above” or “none of the above.”
    • An answer with “a and b,” “c and d,” or other combination, is appropriate.
    • Highlight the correct answer for each question.
  • We encourage authors to submit images and illustrations to supplement their article.
  • Photos/images must be 300+ dpi.
  • Digital photos only.
  • The author must own or have permission to use all images.
  • Tables, figures, photos and other images should be submitted as an individual high-resolution (>300 dpi) JPG or TIFF (do not embed within the article). Attach all individual images.
  • Captions/descriptions should be provided for each photo at the end of your document, not on the photo itself.
  • The author must obtain permission from individuals in the photos.
  • Identify individuals in the photos.
  • Refer to your images/graphics/tables within the article as follows:
  • Examples:
    • Figure 1 shows an example of …
    • On presentation, the skin was red and inflamed (Figure 2).
    • A fecal scoring chart can help clients… (Figure 3)
  • Include all images as attachments (not inserted into the document)
  • Images should be attached as file types: JPEG, PDF or TIF
  • Title all images Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, etc.
  • Provide a list of all images included at the bottom of your article with descriptions.
  • Examples:
    • Figure 1 – Shows a patient with…
    • Figure 2 – The patients skin was red and inflamed upon presentation
    • Figure 3 – A fecal scoring chart

Readers who detect errors in The NAVTA Journal are encouraged to notify the editor-in-chief, at, immediately so that a correction can be published. NAVTA reserves the right to evaluate the reported error and determine whether it is indeed an error or a divergent opinion. Corrections of errors will be published in the next available issue, as well as posted online and linked to the original article in which the error occurred. If an error has occurred in an online quiz, corrections will be posted immediately.